IMO - Standard Marine Communication Phrases

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SMCP - Introduction, Glossary and Part A

Foreword - introduction - procedure - spelling -message markers- responses - D/U/S-signals organization - correction - readiness - repetition - numbers - positions - bearings - courses - distances - speed - times - Geographical Names- ambiguous words - glossary

SMCP PART A - distress - SAR - urgency - safety - pilotage - tugs - specials - VTService - Standard Distress - Standard Urgency - Standard Safety - on-board communication;

 

 

FOREWORD

by Prof. Dr. Peter Trenkner, IMLA Sub-Committee on Maritime English.

As navigational and safety communications from ship to shore and vice versa, ship to ship , and on board ships must be precise, simple and unambiguous, so as to avoid confusion and error, there is a need to standardize the language used. This is of particular importance in the light of the increasing number of internationally trading vessels with crews speaking many different languages since problems of communication may cause misunderstandings leading to dangers to the vessel, the people on board and the environment. In 1973 the IMO Maritime Safety Committee agreed at its twenty-seventh session that, where language difficulties arise, a common language should be used for navigational purposes and that language should be English. In consequence the Standard Marine Navigational Vocabulary (SMNV) was developed, adopted in 1977 and amended in 1985. In 1992 the IMO Maritime Safety Committee at its sixtieth session instructed the IMO Sub-Committee on Safety of Navigation to develop a more comprehensive standardized safety language than the SMNV, 1985, taking into account the changing conditions in modern seafaring and covering all major safety-related verbal communications. At its sixty-eighth session in 1997 the IMO Maritime Safety Committee adopted the Draft Standard Marine Communication Phrases (SMCP) developed by the IMO Sub-Committee on Safety of Navigation. The Draft SMCP, following international trials, was amended at the forty-sixth session of this Sub-Committee and final consideration given at the IMO Maritime Safety Committee at its [... ] session in the light of remarks received by the Organization. The SMCP was adopted by the IMO Assembly in [ ... ]as resolution A.( [... ] ) . Under the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978, as revised 1995, the ability to understand and use the SMCP is required for the certification of officers in charge of a navigational watch on ships of 500 gross tonnage or more.

 

 

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INTRODUCTION

1 Position of the SMCP in maritime practice

The Standard Marine Communication Phrases (SMCP) has been compiled:

- to assist in the greater safety of navigation and of the conduct of the ship,

- to standardize the language used in communication for navigation at sea, in port-approaches, in waterways, harbours and on board vessels with multilingual crews, and

- to assist maritime training institutions in meeting the objectives mentioned above.

These phrases are not intended to supplant or contradict the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972 or special local rules or recommendations made by IMO concerning ships' routeing, neither are they intended to supersede the International Code of Signals, and when applied in ship's external communication this has to be done in strict compliance with the relevant radiotelephone procedures as set out in the ITU Radio Regulations. Furthermore, the SMCP, as a collection of individual phrases, should not be regarded as any kind of technical manual providing operational instructions.

The SMCP meets the requirements of the STCW Convention, 1978, as revised, and of the SOLAS Convention, 1974, as revised, regarding verbal communications; moreover, the phrases cover the relevant communication safety aspects laid down in these Conventions.

Use of the SMCP should be made as often as possible in preference to other wording of similar meaning; as a minimum requirement users should adhere as closely as possible to their wording in relevant situations. In this way they are intended to become an acceptable safety language, using English for the verbal interchange of intelligence among individuals of all maritime nations on the many and varied occasions when precise meanings and translations are in doubt, increasingly evident under modern conditions at sea. The accompanying CD/Cassette is designed to familarize users with the pronunciation of the phrases.

2 Organization of the SMCP

The SMCP is divided into External Communication Phrases and On-board Communication Phrases as far as its application is concerned, and into PART A and PART B as to its status within the framework of the STCW, 1978, as revised. PART A covers phrases applicable in external communications and which may thus be regarded as the replacement of the Standard Marine Navigational Vocabulary, 1985, which is requested to be used and understood by the STCW Code, 1995, Table A-II/I. This part was enriched by essential phrases concerning shiphandling and safety of navigation to be used in on-board communications, particularly when the Pilot is on the bridge, as required by Regulation 14(4), Chapter V, SOLAS 1974, as revised.

PART B calls attention to other on-board standard safety-related phrases which, supplementary to PART A, may also be regarded useful for Maritime English instruction.

3 Position of the SMCP in Maritime Education and Training

The SMCP does not intend to provide a comprehensive Maritime English syllabus which is expected to cover a far wider range of language skills to be achieved in the fields of vocabulary, grammar, discourse abilities, etc., than the SMCP could ever manage.. However, PART A in particular, should be an indispensable part of any curriculum which is designed to meet the corresponding requirements of the STCW Convention, 1978, as revised. In addition, PART B offers a rich choice of situations covered by phrases well suited to meet the communication requirements of the STCW Convention, 1978, as revised, which are implicitly expected to be satisfied by mariners.

The SMCP should be taught and learnt selectively, according to the users` specific needs rather than completely. The respective instruction should be based on practice in the maritime environment and be implemented through appropriate modern language teaching methods.

4 Basic communicative features

The SMCP builds on a basic knowledge of the English language. It was drafted on purpose in a simplified version of Maritime English to reduce grammatical, lexical and idiomatic varieties to a tolerable minimum, using standardized structures for the sake of its function aspects, i.e. diminishing misunderstanding in safety related verbal communications, thereby endeavouring to reflect present Maritime English language usage on board vessels and in ship-to-shore/ship-to-ship communications. This means, in phrases offered for use in emergency and other situations developing under considerable pressure of time or psychological stress as wells as in navigational warnings, a block language was applied which sparingly uses, or frequently omits, the function words the, a/an, is/are as done in seafaring practice. Users, however, may be flexible in this respect.

Further communicative features may be summarized as follows:

· avoiding synonyms

· avoiding contracted forms

· providing fully worded answers to "yes/no"-questions and basic alternative answers to sentence questions

· providing one phrase for one event, and

· structuring the corresponding phrases after the principle: identical invariable plus variable.

5 Typographical conventions

( ) brackets indicate that the part of the message enclosed within the brackets may be added where relevant;

/ oblique strokes indicate that the items on either side of the stroke are alternatives;

... dots indicate that the relevant information is to be filled in where the dots occur;

(italic letters) indicate the kind of information requested;

~ tildes stand for the invariable part of an aforementioned standard phrase which is followed by a variable addendum.

 

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GENERAL

1 Procedure

When it is necessary to indicate that the SMCP are to be used, the following message may be sent:

"Please use Standard Marine Communication Phrases."

"I will use Standard Marine Communication Phrases."

 

2 Spelling

When spelling is necessary, only the following spelling table should be used:

A = Alfa

B = Bravo

C = Charlie

D = Delta

E = Eho

F = Foxtrot

G = Golf

H = Hotel

I = India

J = Juliet

K = Kilo

L = Lima

M = Mike

N= November

O = Oscar

P = Papa

Q = Quebec

R = Romeo

S = Sierra

T = Tango

U = Uniform

V = Victor

W = Whisky

X = X-ray

Y = Yankee

Z = Zulu

 

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Spelling of digits and numbers

A few digits and numbers have a modified pronunciation compared to general English:

number spelling pronunciation

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

1000

zero

one

two

three

four

five

six

seven

eight

nine

thousand

ZEERO

WUN

TOO

TREE

FOWER

FIFE

SIX

SEVEN

AIT

NINER

TOUSAND

 

3 Message Markers

In shore-to-ship and ship-to-shore communication or radio communication in general, the following eight Message Markers may be used ( also see "Application of Message Markers" given in PART AI/6 "Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) Standard Phrases" ):

(i) Instruction

(ii) Advice

(iii) Warning

(iv) Information

(v) Question

(vi) Answer

(vii)Request

(viii)Intention

 

4 Responses

4.1 When the answer to a question is in the affirmative, say: "Yes, .... " - followed by the appropriate phrase in full.

4.2 When the answer to a question is in the negative, say: "No, ..." - followed by the appropriate phrase in full.

4.3 When the information requested is not immediately available, say: "Stand by ..." - followed by the time interval within which the information will be available.

4.4 When the information requested cannot be obtained, say: "No information."

4.5 When an INSTRUCTION (e.g. by a VTS-Station, Naval vessel or other fully authorized personnel ) or an ADVICE is given, respond if in the affirmative: "I will/can ... " - followed by the instruction or advice in full; and, if in the negative, respond: "I will not/cannot ... " - followed by the instruction or advice in full.

Example:

"ADVICE. Do not overtake the vessel to the North of you." Respond: "I will not overtake the vessel to the North of me."

4.6 Responses to orders and answers to questions of special importance both in external and on-board communication are given in wording in the phrases concerned.

 

5 Distress, urgency and safety signals

5.1 MAYDAY to be used to announce a distress message

5.2 PAN - PAN to be used to announce an urgency message

5.3 SÈCURITÈ to be used to announce a safety message

 

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6 Standard organizational phrases

6.1 "How do you read (me)?"

6.1.1 "I read you ...

bad/one = with signal strength one (i.e. barely perceptible)

poor/two = with signal strength two (i.e. weak)

fair/three = with signal strength three (i.e. fairly good)

good/four= with signal strength four (i.e. good)

excellent/five = with signal strength five (i.e. very good)

6.2 When it is advisable to remain on a VHF Channel / frequency say: "Stand by on VHF Channel ... / frequency ... "

6.2.1 When it is accepted to remain on the VHF channel / frequency indicated, say: "Standing by on VHF Channel ... / frequency ... "

6.3 When it is advisable to change to another VHF Channel / frequency, say: "Advise (you) change to VHF Channel ... / frequency ... ." "Advise(you) try VHF Channel .. / frequency... ."

6.3.1 When the changing of a VHF Channel / frequency is accepted, say: "Changing to VHF Channel ... / frequency .. ."

 

7 Corrections

When a mistake is made in a message, say: "Mistake ..." - followed by the word: "Correction ... " plus the corrected part of the message.

Example: "My present speed is 14 knots - mistake. Correction, my present speed is 12, one-two, knots."

 

8 Readiness

"I am / I am not ready to receive your message".

 

9 Repetition

9.1 If any part of the message are considered sufficiently important to need safeguarding, say: "Repeat ... " - followed by the corresponding part of the message.

Example: "My draft is 12.6 repeat one-two decimal 6 metres." "Do not overtake - repeat - do not overtake."

9.2 When a message is not properly heard, say: "Say again (please)."

 

 

10 Numbers

Numbers are to be spoken in separate digits: "One-five-zero" for 150 "Two decimal five" or "Two point five" for 2.5

Note: Attention! When rudder angles e.g. in wheel orders are given, say: "Fifteen" for 15 or "Twenty" for 20 etc..

 

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11 Positions

11.1 When latitude and longitude are used, these shall be expressed in degrees and minutes (and decimals of a minute if necessary), North or South of the Equator and East or West of Greenwich.

Example: "WARNING. Dangerous wreck in position 15 degrees 34 minutes North 061 degrees 29 minutes West."

11.2 When the position is related to a mark, the mark shall be a well-defined charted object. The bearing shall be in the 360 degrees notation from true north and shall be that of the position FROM the mark.

Example: "Your position bearing 137 degrees from Big Head lighthouse distance 2.4 nautical miles."

 

12 Bearings

The bearing of the mark or vessel concerned, is the bearing in the 360 degree notation from north (true north unless otherwise stated), except in the case of relative bearings. Bearings may be either FROM the mark or FROM the vessel.

Example: "Pilot boat is bearing 215 degrees from you."

Note: Vessels reporting their position should always quote their bearing FROM the mark, as described in paragraph 11.2 of this section.

12.1 Relative bearings Relative bearings can be expressed in degrees relative to the vessel's head. More frequently this is in relation to the port or starboard bow. Example: "Buoy 030 degrees on your port bow." (Relative D/F bearings are more commonly expressed in the 360 degree notation.)

 

13 Courses

Always to be expressed in 360 degree notation from north (true north unless otherwise stated). Whether this is to TO or FROM a mark can be stated.

 

14 Distances

Preferably to be expressed in nautical miles or cables (tenths of a mile) otherwise in kilometres or metres, the unit always to be stated.

 

15 Speed

To be expressed in knots:

without further notation meaning speed through the water; or, "ground speed" meaning speed over the ground.

 

16 Times

Times should be expressed in the 24 hour UTC notation; if local time will be used in ports or harbours it should clearly be stated.

17 Geographical names

Place names used should be those on the chart or in Sailing Directions in use. Should these not be understood, latitude and longitude should be given.

 

18 Ambiguous words

Some words in English have meanings depending on the context in which they appear. Misunderstandings frequently occur, especially in VTS communications, and have produced accidents. Such words are:

1. The Conditionals "May", "Might", "Should" and "Could".

May: Do not say: "May I enter the fairway?" Say: "QUESTION. Do I have permission to enter the fairway?"

Do not say: "You may enter the fairway." Say: "ANSWER. You have permission to enter the fairway."

Migh:t Do not say: "I might enter the fairway." Say: "INTENTION. I will enter the fairway."

Should: Do not say: "You should anchor in anchorage B 3." Say: "ADVICE. Anchor in anchorage B 3."

Could: Do not say: "You could be running into danger." Say: "WARNING. You are running into danger."

The word "Can" either describes the possibility or the capability of doing something. In the SMCP the situations where phrases using the word "Can" appear make it clear whether a possibility is referred to. In an ambiguous context, however, say, for example:

"QUESTION. Do I have permission to use the shallow draft fairway at this time?", do not say: "Can I use the shallow draft fairway at this time?", if you ask for a permission. (The same applies to the word "May")

Note: In all cases the radiotelephone procedures as set out in the ITU - Radio Regulations have to be observed.

 

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GLOSSARY

The GLOSSARY also includes a limited number of technical terms which do not appear in the text of the SMCP but might be useful in case the content of a given standard Phrase requires modification.

1 General terms

Abandon vessel

To evacuate crew and passengers from a vessel following a distress

Accommodation ladder

Ladder attached to platform at vessel's side with flat steps and handrails enabling persons to embark / disembark from water or shore

Adrift

Floating, not controlled, without a clearly determinable direction

Air draft

The height from the waterline to the highest point of the vessel

Assembly station

Place on deck, in mess rooms, etc., assigned to crew and passengers where they have to meet according to the muster list when the corresponding alarm is released or announcement made

Backing (of wind)

Shift of wind direction in an anticlockwise manner, in time (opposite of veering)

Beach (to)

To run a vessel up on a beach to prevent its sinking in deep water

Berth 1:

A sea room to be kept for safety around a vessel, rock, platform, etc.. 2: The place assigned to a vessel when anchored or lying alongside a pier, etc.

Blast

A sound signal made with the whistle of the vessel

Blind sectors

Areas which cannot be scanned by the radar of the vessel because they are shielded by parts of its superstructure, masts, etc, or shore obstructions.

Boarding arrangements

All equipment, such as pilot ladder, accommodation ladder, hoist, etc., necessary for a safe transfer of the pilot

Boarding speed

The speed of a vessel adjusted to that of a pilot boat at which the pilot can safely embark / disembark

Bob-cat

A mini-caterpillar with push-blade used for the careful distribution of loose goods in cargo holds of bulk carriers

Briefing

Concise explanatory information to crew and/or passengers

Cable

1:Chain, wire or rope connecting a vessel to her anchor(s) 2: (measurement),185.2 metres, i.e. one tenth of a nautical mile

Capsizing

Turning of a vessel upside down while on water

Cardinal buoy

A seamark, i.e. a buoy, indicating the North, East, South or West, i.e. the cardinal/half cardinal points from a fixed point. such as a wreck, shallow water, banks, etc.

Cardinal points

The four main points of the compass, i.e. North, East, South and West; for the purpose of the SMCP the intercardinal points, i.e. Northeast, Southeast, etc., are also included

Casualty

here: Case of death in an accident or shipping disaster

Check (to)

1: To make sure that equipment etc. is in proper condition or that everything is correct and safe 2: To regulate motion of a cable, rope or wire when it is running out too fast

Close-coupled towing

A method of towing vessels through polar ice by means of icebreaking tugs with a special stern notch suited to receive and hold the bow of the vessel to be towed

Close up (to)

To decrease the distance to the vessel ahead by increasing one`s own speed

Compatibility(of goods)

states whether different goods can be stowed together in one hold

Convoy

A group of vessels which sail together, e.g. through a canal or ice

Course

The intended direction of movement of a vessel through the water

Course made good

That course which a vessel makes good over ground, after allowing for the effect of currents, tidal streams, and leeway caused by wind and sea

COW

Crude Oil Washing: A system of cleaning the cargo tanks by washing them with the cargo of crude oil during discharged

CPA/TCPA

Closest Point of Approach /Time to Closest Point of Approach limit as defined by the observer to give warning when a tracked target or targets will close to within these limits

Crash-stop

An emergency reversal operation of the main engine(s) to avoid a collision

Damage control team

A group of crew members trained for fighting flooding in the vessel

Datum

1. The most probable position of a search target at a given time 2. The plane of reference to which all data as to the depth on charts are referenced.

Derelict

Goods or any other commodity, specifically a vessel abandoned at sea

Destination

Port which a vessel is bound for

Disabled

A vessel damaged or impaired in such a manner as to be incapable of proceeding on its voyage

Disembark (to)

To go from a vessel

Distress alert (GMDSS)

A radio signal from a distressed vessel automatically directed to an MRCC giving position, identification, course and speed of the vessel as well as the nature of distress

Distress/ Urgency traffic here:

The verbal exchange of information on radio from ship to shore Urgency traffic and/or ship to ship/ air craft about a distress / urgency situation as defined in the relevant ITU Radio Regulations

Draft

The depth of water which a vessel draws

Dragging (of anchor)

Moving of an anchor over the sea bottom involuntarily because it is no longer preventing the movement of the vessel

Dredging (of anchor)

Moving of an anchor over the sea bottom to control the movement of the vessel

Drifting

Floating, caused by winds and current with a determinable direction

Drop back (to)

To increase the distance to the vessel ahead by reducing one's own speed

DSC

Digital Selective Calling (in the GMDSS system)

Embark (to)

To go aboard a vessel

EPIRB

Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon

Escape route

A clearly marked way in the vessel which has to be followed in case of an emergency

Escort

Attending a vessel, to be available in case of need, e.g. ice-breaker, tug, etc..

ETA

Estimated Time of Arrival

ETD

Estimated Time of Departure

Fire patrol

A crew member of the watch going around the vessel at certain intervals so that an outbreak of fire may be promptly detected; mandatory in vessels carrying more than 36 passengers

Flooding

Major flow of seawater into the vessel

Fire monitor

Fixed foam/powder/water cannon shooting fire extinguishing agents on tank deck, manifold etc.

Foul (of anchor)

Anchor has its own cable twisted around it or has fouled an obstruction

Foul (of propeller)

A line, wire, net, etc., is wound round the propeller

Full speed

Highest possible speed of a vessel

Fume

Often harmful gas produced by fires, chemicals, fuel, etc.

General emergency alarm

A sound signal of seven short blasts and one prolonged blast given with the vessel´s sound system

GMDSS

Global Maritime Distress and Safety System

(D)GPS

(Differential)Global (satellite) Positioning System

Hampered vessel

A vessel restricted by her ability to manoeuvre by the nature of her work or her deep draft

Hatchrails

Ropes supported by stanchions around an open hatch to prevent persons from falling into a hold

Heading

The horizontal direction the vessel's bows at a given moment measured in degrees clockwise from north

Hoist

here: A cable used by helicopters for lifting or lowering persons in a pick-up operation

Icing

Coating of ice on an object, e.g. the mast or superstructure of a vessel

IMO-Class

Group of dangerous or hazardous goods, harmful substances or marine pollutants in sea transport as classified in the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code)

Inert (to)

To reduce the oxygen in an oil tank by inert gas to avoid an explosive atmosphere

Initial course

Course directed by the OSC or other authorized person to be steered at the beginning of a search

Inoperative

Not functioning

Jettison (to) (of cargo)

Throwing overboard of goods in order to lighten the vessel or improve its stability in case of an emergency

Launch (to)

To lower, e.g. lifeboats to the water

Leaking

Escape of liquids such as water, oil, etc., out of pipes, boilers, tanks, etc., or a minor inflow of seawater into the vessel due to damage to the hull

Leeward

The general direction to which the wind blows; opposite of windward

Leeway

The angular effect on the vessel's course caused by the prevailing wind

Let go (to)

To set free, let loose, or cast off (of anchors, lines, etc.)

Lifeboat station

Place assigned to crew and passengers where they must gather before being ordered into the lifeboats

List

here: Inclination of the vessel to port side or starboard side

Located

In navigational warnings: Position of object confirmed

Make water (to)

Seawater flowing into the vessel due to hull damage, or hatches awash and not properly closed

MMSI Maritime Mobile Service Identity number

Moor (to)

To secure a vessel in a particular place by means of wires or ropes made fast to the shore, to anchors, or to anchored mooring buoys, or to ride with both anchors down

MRCC

Maritime Rescue Co-ordination Centre: Land-based authority responsible for promoting efficient organization of maritime search and rescue and for co-ordinating the conduct of search and rescue operations within a search and rescue region

Muster (to)

To assemble crew, passengers or both in a special place for purposes of checking

Muster list

List of crew, passengers and all on board and their functions in a distress or drill

Not under command (abbr. NUC)

A vessel which through exceptional circumstances is unable to manoeuvre as required by the COLREGs

Obstruction

An object such as a wreck, net, etc., which blocks a fairway, route, etc.

Off air

When the transmissions of a radio station etc., have broken down, been switched off or suspended

Off station (of buoys)

Not in charted position

Oil clearance

Oil skimming from the surface of the water

Operational

Ready for immediate use

Ordnance exercise

Naval firing practice

OSC On-Scene Co-ordinator:

A person designed to co-ordinate search and rescue operations within a specified area

Overflow

Accidental escape of oil from a tank which is full because pumping was not stopped in time

Polluter

A vessel emitting harmful substances into the air or spilling oil into the sea

Preventers

Ropes or wires attached to derricks to prevent them from swinging during cargo handling operations

Proceed (to)

To sail or head for a certain position or to continue with the voyage

PA-system

Public address system: Loudspeakers in the vessel's cabins, mess rooms, etc., and on deck through which important information can be broadcast from a central point, mostly from the navigation bridge

Recover (to)

Here: To pick up shipwrecked persons

Refloat (to)

To pull a vessel off after grounding; to set afloat again

Rendez-vous

An appointment between vessels normally made on radio to meet in a certain area or position

Reported

in navigational warnings: Position of object unconfirmed

Restricted area

A deck, space, area, etc., in vessels, where for safety reasons, entry is only permitted for authorized crew members

Resume (to)

here: To re-start a voyage, service or search

Retreat signal

Sound, visual or other signal to a team ordering it to return to its base

Rig move

The movement of an oil rig, drilling platform, etc., from one position to another

Roll call

The act of checking who of the passengers and crew members are present, e.g. at assembly stations, by reading aloud a list of their names

Safe speed

That speed of a vessel allowing the maximum possible time for effective action to be taken to avoid a collision and to be stopped within an appropriate distance

Safety load

The maximum permissible load of a deck, etc.

Safe working pressure

The maximum permissible pressure in cargo hoses

SAR

Search and Rescue

Scene

The area or location where the event, e.g. an accident has happened

Search pattern

A pattern according to which vessels and/or aircraft may conduct a co-ordinated search (the IMOSAR offers seven search patterns)

Search speed

The speed of searching vessels directed by the OSC

Seemark

An elevated object on land or sea serving as a guide …..

Segregation(of goods)

Separation of goods which for different reasons must not be stowed together

Shackle

Standard length (15 fathoms) of an anchor cable

Shifting cargo

Transverse movement of cargo, especially bulk, caused by rolling or a heavy list

Slings

Ropes, nets, and any other means for handling general cargoes

Speed of advance

The speed at which a storm centre moves

Spill (to)

The accidental escape of oil, etc., from a vessel, container, etc., into the sea

Spill control gear

Special equipment for fighting accidental oil spills at early stages

Spreader here:

Step of a pilot ladder which prevents the ladder from twisting

Stand by (to)

To be in readiness or prepared to execute an order; to be readily available

Stand clear (to)

here: To keep a boat away from the vessel

Standing orders

Orders of the Master to the officer of the watch which s/he must comply with

Stand on (to)

To maintain course and speed

Station

The allotted place or the duties of each person on board

Stripping

Draining tanks of the remaining cargo, water, etc.

Survivor

A person who continues to live in spite of being in an extremely dangerous situation, e.g. a shipping disaster.

Take off (to)

A helicopter lifts off from a vessel's deck

Target

The echo generated e.g. by a vessel on a radar screen

Tension winch

A winch which applies tension to mooring lines to keep them tight

TEU

Twenty Foot Equivalent Unit (standard container dimension)

Track

The path followed, or to be followed, between one position and another

Transit

here: The passage of a vessel through a canal, fairway, etc.

Transit speed

Speed of a vessel required for the passage through a canal, fairway, etc.

Transshipment (of cargo)

here: The transfer of goods from one vessel to another outside harbours

Underway

A vessel which is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground

Union purchase

A common method of cargo handling by combining two derricks, one of which is fixed over the quay, the other over the hatchway

Unlit

When the light characteristics of a buoy or a lighthouse are inoperative

UTC

Universal Time Co-ordinated (ex GMT)

Variable (of winds)

When a wind is permanently changing the direction from which it blows

Veering (of winds)

Shifting of wind direction in a manner, in time; opposite of backing

Veer out (to)(of anchors)

To let out a greater length of cable

VHF Very High Frequency (30 - 300 MHz)

Walk out (to) (of anchors)

To reverse the action of a windlass so as to ease the cable

Way point

A position a vessel has to pass or at which she has to alter course according to her voyage plan

Windward

The general direction from which the wind blows; opposite of leeward

Wreck

A vessel which has been destroyed or sunk or abandoned at sea

 

2. VTS special terms

Fairway

Navigable part of a waterway

Fairway speed

Mandatory speed in a fairway

ITZ

Inshore Traffic Zone (of a TSS): A routing measure comprising a designated area between the landward boundary of a TSS and the adjacent coast

Manoeuvring speed

A vessel's reduced rate of speed in restricted waters such as fairways or harbours

Receiving point

A mark or place at which a vessel comes under obligatory entry, transit, or escort procedure

Reference line

A fictive line displayed on the radar screens in VTS Centres and/or electronic sea-charts separating the fairway for inbound and outbound vessels so that they can safely pass each other

Reporting point

A mark or position at which a vessel is required to report to the local VTS-Station to establish her position

Separation zone / line

A zone or line separating the traffic lanes in which vessels are proceeding in opposite or nearly opposite directions; or separating a traffic lane from the adjacent sea area; or separating traffic lanes designated for particular classes of vessels proceeding in the same direction

Traffic clearance

VTS authorization for a vessel to proceed under conditions specified Traffic lane An area within defined limits in which one-way traffic is established

TSS

Traffic Separation Scheme: A routing measure aimed at the separation of opposing streams of traffic by appropriate means and by the establishment of traffic lanes

VTS

Vessel Traffic Services: Services, designed to improve safety and efficiency of vessel traffic and to protect the environment

VTS-area

Area controlled by a VTS-Centre or VTS-Station

 

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STANDARD MARINE COMMUNICATION PHRASES PART A

PART A covers Phrases applicable in external communications from ship to shore, shore to ship and ship to ship as required by STCW 1978, as revised, Table A-II/1, as well as Phrases applicable on board vessels in conversations between Pilots and bridge teams as required by Regulation 14(4) of Chapter V of SOLAS 1974, as revised.

 

AI - EXTERNAL COMMUNICATION PHRASES

Attention: The use of Standard Phrases in vessels' external communication does not in any way exempt from applying the radiotelephone procedures as set out in the ITU - Radio Regulations.

AI/1 - DISTRESS TRAFFIC

The distress traffic controlling station/other stations may impose radio silence on any interfering stations by using the term: "Seelonce Mayday / Distress" unless the latter have messages about the distress.

AI/1.1 Distress communications Note: A distress traffic has always to commence with stating the position of the vessel in distress as specified in "GENERAL 11 Positions /13 Bearings" if it is not included in the DSC distress alert.

.1 - Fire, explosion

.1 I am / MV ... on fire (- after explosion).

.2 Where is the fire? .

2.1 Fire is

~ on deck.

~ in engine-room.

~ in hold(s).

~ in superstructure / accommodation / ... .

.3 Are dangerous goods on fire?

.3.1 Yes, dangerous goods are on fire.

.3.2 No, dangerous goods are not on fire.

.4 Is there danger of explosion?

.4.1 Yes, danger of explosion.

.4.2 No danger of explosion.

.5 I am / MV ... not under command.

.6 Is the fire under control?

.6.1 Yes, fire is under control.

.6.2 No, fire is not under control.

.7 What kind of assistance is required?

.7.1 I do not / MV ... does not require assistance.

.7.2 I require / MV ... requires

~ fire fighting assistance.

~ breathing apparatus - smoke is toxic.

~ foam extinguishers / CO2 extinguishers.

~ fire pumps. ~ medical assistance / ... .

.8 Report injured persons.

.8.1 No persons injured.

.8.2 Number of injured persons / casualties: ... .

.2 Flooding

.1 I am/ MV ... is flooding below water line.

.2 I / MV ... cannot control flooding.

.3 What kind of assistance is required?

.3.1 I require / MV ... requires pumps / divers, ... .

.3.2 I will send pumps / divers / ... .

.3.3 I cannot send pumps / divers ...

. .4 I have / MV ... has dangerous list to port side / starboard.

.5 I am / MV ... in critical condition.

.6 Flooding is under control.

.7 I / MV ... can proceed without assistance.

.8 I require / MV ... requires escort / tug assistance /... .

.3 Collision

.1 I have / MV ... has collided

~ with MV... .

~ with unknown vessel / object / ... .

~ with ...(name) light vessel.

~ with seamark ... (charted name).

~ with iceberg/ ... .

.2 Report damage.

.2.1 I have / MV .. has damage above / below water line.

.2.2 I am / MV ... not under command.

.3 I / MV cannot repair damage.

.4 I / MV ... can only proceed at slow speed.

.5 What kind of assistance is required?

.5.1 I require / MV ... requires / escort / tug assistance /... .

.4 Grounding

.1 I am / MV ... aground.

.2 I require / MV ... requires tug assistance / pumps / ... .

.3 What part of your vessel is aground?

.3.1 Aground forward / amidships /aft / full length.

.4 Warning. Uncharted rocks in position ... .

.5 Risk of grounding at low water.

.6 I / MV ... will jettison cargo to refloat.

.6.1 Warning! Do not jettison IMO-Class cargo!

.7 When do you / does MV ... expect to refloat?

.7.1 I expect / MV ... expects to refloat

~ at ... UTC. ~ when tide rises.

~ when weather improves.

~ when draft decreases.

~ with tug assistance / ... .

.8 Can you / can MV ... beach?

.8.1 I / MV ... can / will beach in position ... .

.8.2 I / MV ... cannot beach.

.5 List - danger of capsizing

.1 I have / MV ... has dangerous list to port / starboard.

.2 I / MV ... will

~ transfer cargo / bunkers to stop listing.

~ jettison cargo to stop listing. .3 I am / MV ... in danger of capsizing (- list increasing).

.6 Sinking .

1 I am / MV ... sinking after collision / grounding / flooding / explosion / ...

.2 I require / MV ... requires assistance.

.3 I am / MV ... proceeding to your assistance.

.4 ETA at distress position within ... hours / at ... UTC.

.7 Disabled and adrift

.1 I am / MV ...

~ not under command.

~ adrift.

~ drifting at ... knots to ... (cardinal/half cardinal points).

.2 I require / MV ... requires tug assistance.

.8 Armed attack / piracy

.1 I am / MV ... under attack by pirates.

.1.1 I / MV ... was under attack by pirates.

.2 I require / MV ... requires assistance.

.3 What kind of assistance is required?

.3.1 I require / MV ... requires

~ medical assistance.

~ navigational assistance.

~ military assistance. ~ tug assistance.

~ escort / ... . .4 Report damage.

.4.1 I have / MV .. has ~ no damage.

~ damage to navigational equipment / ... .

.4.2 I am / MV ... not under command.

.5 Can you / can MV ... proceed?

.5.1 Yes, I / MV ... can proceed.

.5.2 No, I / MV ... cannot proceed.

.9 Undesignated distress

.1 I have / MV ... has problems with cargo / engine(s) / navigation / ... .

.2 I require / MV ... requires ... .

.10 Abandoning vessel

.1 I / crew of MV ... must abandon vessel ... after explosion / collision / grounding / flooding / piracy / armed attack / ... .

.11 Person overboard

. 1 I have / MV ... has lost person overboard in position ... .

. 2 Assist with search in vicinity of position ... .

. 3 All vessels in vicinity of position ... keep sharp lookout and report to ... .

. 4 I am / MV.. is proceeding for assistance - ETA at ... UTC / within ... hours.

. 5 Search in vicinity of position ... .

. 5.1 I am / MV ... is searching in vicinity of position ... .

. 6 Aircraft ETA at ... UTC / within ... hours to assist in search.

. 7 Can you continue search?

. 7.1 Yes, I can continue search.

. 7.2 No, I cannot continue search.

. 8 Stop search.

. 8.1 Return to ... .

. 8.2 Proceed with your voyage.

.10 What is the result of search?

.10.1 The result of search is negative.

.11 I / MV ... located / picked up person(s) in position ... .

.12 Person picked up is crewmember / passenger of MV ... .

.13 What is condition of person(s)?

.13.1 Condition of person(s) bad / good.

.13.2 Person(s) dead.

 

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AI/1.2 - SEARCH AND RESCUE COMMUNICATION

.1 SAR communications (specifying or supplementary to 1.1)

. 1 I require / MV ... requires assistance.

. 2 I am / MV ... proceeding to your assistance.

.3 What is your MMSI number?

.3.1 My MMSI number is …. . What is your position? .

.4.1 My position ... .

. 5 What is your present course and speed?

. 4 5.1 My present course ... degrees, my speed ... knots.

. 6 Report number of persons on board?

. 6.1 Number of persons on board: ... .

. 7 Report injured persons.

. 7.1 No person injured

. 7.2 Number of injured persons / casualties: ... .

. 8 Will you abandon vessel?

. 8.1 I will not abandon vessel.

. 8.2 I will abandon vessel at ... UTC.

.9 Is your EPIRB switched on?

.9.1 Yes, my EPIRB is switched on/inadvertently switched on.

.10 Did you transmit a DSC distress alert?

.10.1 Yes, I did transmit.

.10.2 No, I inadvertently transmitted.

. 11 How many lifeboats / liferafts (with how many persons) will you launch?

. 11.1 I will launch ... lifeboats / liferafts (with ... persons).

. 12 How many persons will stay on board?

. 12.1 No person will stay on board.

. 12.2 ... persons will stay on board.

. 13 What is the weather situation in your position?

. 13.1 Wind ...( cardinal points) force Beaufort ... .

. 13.2 Visibility good/moderate/poor.

. 13.3 Smooth/moderate/rough/high Sea / slight/moderate/heavy swell …(cardinal/half cardinal points).

. 13.4 Current ... knots, to …(cardinal points).

. 14 Are there dangers to navigation?

. 14.1 No dangers to navigation.

. 14.2 Warning! Uncharted rocks / ice / abnormally low tides. mines / ... .

.2 Acknowledgement and / or relay of SAR - messages

. 1 Received MAYDAY from MV ... at UTC on VHF Channel.../ frequency ....

. 2 Vessel in position ...

~ on fire

~ had explosion.

~ flooded.

~ in collision (with .. ).

~ listing / in danger of capsizing.

~ sinking.

~ disabled and adrift.

~ abandoned / ... .

. 3 Vessel requires assistance.

. 4 Received your MAYDAY.

. 4.1 My position ... .

. 4.2 I / MV ... will proceed to your assistance.

. 4.3 ETA at distress position within ... hours / at ... UTC.

.3 Performing / co-ordinating SAR - operations

The questions are normally asked and advice is given by the On-scene Co-ordinator (OSC). For further information see IAMSAR Manual, London/Montreal,1998.

. 1 I will act as On-scene Co-ordinator.

. 1.1 I will show following signals / lights: ... .

. 2 Can you proceed to distress position?

. 2.1 Yes, I can proceed to distress position.

. 2.2 No, I cannot proceed to distress position.

. 3 What is your ETA at distress position?

. 3.1 My ETA at distress position within ... hours / at ... UTC.

. 4 MAYDAY position is not correct.

. 4.1 Correct MAYDAY position is ... .

. 5 Vessels are advised to proceed to position ... to start rescue.

. 6 Carry out search pattern ... starting at ... UTC.

. 7 Initial course ... degrees, search speed ... knots.

. 8 Carry out radar search.

. 9 MV ... allocated track number ... .

.10 MV / MVs ... adjust interval between vessels to ...kilometres / nautical miles.

.11 Adjust track spacing to ...kilometres / nautical miles.

.12 Search speed now ... knots. .13 Alter course

~ to ... degrees (- at ... UTC).

~ for next leg of track now / at ... UTC.

.14 We resume search in position ... .

.15 Crew has abandoned vessel / MV ... .

.16 Keep sharp lookout for lifeboats / liferafts / persons in water / ... .

.4 Finishing with SAR - operations

.1 What is the result of search?

.1.1 The result of search is negative.

.2 Sighted ~ vessel in position ... .

~ lifeboats / life rafts in position ... .

~ persons in water / ... in position ... .

.3 Continue search in position ... .

.4 Can you pick up survivors?

.4.1 Yes, I can pick up survivors.

.4.2 No, I cannot pick up survivors.

.5 MV ... / I will proceed to pick up survivors.

.5.1 Stand by lifeboats / liferafts.

.6 Picked up

~ ... survivors in position ... .

~ ... lifeboats / liferafts (with ... persons / casualties) in position ... .

~ ... persons / casualties in lifejackets in position ... .

~ ... in position ... . .7 Survivors in bad / good condition.

.8 Do you require medical assistance?

.8.1 Yes, I require medical assistance.

.8.2 No, I do not require medical assistance.

.9 Try to obtain information from survivors.

.10 There are ~ still ... lifeboats / liferafts with survivors.

~ no more lifeboats / liferafts.

.11 Total number of persons on board was ... .

.12 All persons / ... persons rescued.

.13 You / MV ... may stop search and proceed with voyage.

.14 There is no hope to rescue more persons.

.15 We finish with SAR - operations.

AI/13 Requesting medical assistance

. 1 I require / MV ... requires medical assistance.

. 2 What kind of assistance is required?

. 2.1 I require / MV ... requires

~ boat for hospital transfer.

~ radio medical advice.

~ helicopter with doctor (to pick up person(s)).

. 3 I / MV ... will

~ send boat.

~ send helicopter with doctor

~ send helicopter to pick up person(s).

~ arrange for radio medical advice on VHF Channel ... / frequency ... .

. 4 Boat / helicopter ETA at ... UTC / within ... hours.

. 5 Do you have doctor on board?

. 5.1 Yes, I have doctor on board.

. 5.2 No, I have no doctor on board.

. 6 Can you make rendezvous in position ... ?

. 6.1 Yes, I can make rendezvous in position at ... UTC / within ... hours.

. 6.2 No, I cannot make rendezvous.

. 7 I / MV ... will send boat / helicopter to transfer doctor.

. 8 Transfer person(s) to my vessel / to MV ... by boat / helicopter.

. 9 Transfer of person(s) not possible.

 

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AI/2 - URGENCY TRAFFIC

Safety of a vessel (other than distress).

Note: An urgency traffic has always to commence with stating the position of the calling vessel if it is not included in the DSC alert.

.1 Technical failure

. 1 I am / MV ... not under command.

. 2 What problems do you have / does MV ... have?

. 2.1 I have / MV ... has problems with engine(s) / steering gear / propeller / ... .

. 3 I am / MV ...is manoeuvring with difficulty.

. 4 Keep clear of me / MV ... .

. 5 Navigate with caution.

. 6 I require / MV ... requires tug assistance / escort / ... .

. 7 I try / MV ... tries to proceed without assistance.

. 8 Stand by on VHF Channel ... / frequency ... .

.8.1 Standing by on VHF Channel ... / frequency ... .

.2 Cargo

. 1 I have / MV has ... lost dangerous goods of IMO-Class ... in position ... .

. 2 Containers / barrels / drums / bags / ... with dangerous goods of IMO-Class ... adrift near position ... .

. 3 I am / MV ... is spilling

~ dangerous goods of IMO-Class ... in position ...

~ crude oil / ... in position ... .

. 4 I require / MV… requires oil clearance assistance - danger of pollution.

. 5 I am / MV ... is dangerous source of radiation.

.3 Ice damage

. 1 I have / MV ... has damage above / below waterline.

. 2 What kind of assistance is required?

. 2.1 I require / MV ... requires

~ tug assistance.

~ ice-breaker assistance / escort / ... .

. 3 I have / MV ... has stability problems due to heavy icing.

. 4 Can you proceed without assistance?

. 4.1 Yes, I can proceed without assistance.

. 4.2 No, I cannot proceed without assistance.

. 5 Stand by on VHF Channel ... / frequency ... .

. 5.1 Standing by on VHF Channel ... / frequency ... .

 

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AI/3 - SAFETY COMMUNICATIONS

AI/3.1 Meteorological and hydrological conditions

.1 Winds, storms, tropical storms, sea state

. 1 What is wind direction and force in your position / in position ... ?

. 1.1 Wind direction ...(cardinal/half cardinal points), force Beaufort ... in my position / in position ... .

. 2 What wind is expected in my position / in position ... ?

. 2.1 The wind in your position / in position ... is expected

~ from direction... (cardinal/half cardinal points), force Beaufort ... .

~ to increase / decrease.

~ variable.

. 3 What is the latest gale / storm warning?

. 3.1 The latest gale / storm warning is as follows: Gale / storm warning. Winds at ... UTC in area ... (met.area) from direction ...(cardinal/half cardinal points) and force Beaufort ... backing/veering to ... (cardinal/half cardinal points).

. 4 What is the latest tropical storm warning?

. 4.1 The latest tropical storm warning is as follows: Tropical storm warning at ... UTC. Hurricane... (name) / tropical cyclone /tornado/ willy-willy / typhoon ... (name) with central pressure of ... millibars /hPascals located in position ... Present movement... (cardinal/half cardinal points) at ... knots. Winds of ... knots within radius of ... miles of centre. Seas smooth/moderate/rough/high. Further information on VHF Channel ... / frequency ... .

. 5 What is the atmospheric pressure in your position / in position ... ?

. 5.1 The atmospheric pressure in my position / in position ... is ... millibars/hPascals.

. 6 What is the barometric change in my position / in position ... ?

. 6.1 The barometric change in your position / in position ... is ... millibars/hPascals per hour / within the last ... hours.

. 6.2 The barometer is steady / dropping (rapidly) / rising (rapidly).

. 7 What maximum winds are expected in the storm area?

. 7.1 Maximum winds of ... knots are expected

~ in the storm area.

~ within a radius of ... kilometres / miles of the centre.

~ in the safe / dangerous semicircle.

.8 What is sea state in your position / in position ... ?

.8.1 The smooth/moderate/rough/high sea/ slight/moderate/heavy swell in my position / in position ... is ... metres from... (cardinal/half cardinal points).

.9 Is the sea state expected to change ( - within the next hours)?

.9.1 No, the sea state is not expected to change (- within the next hours).

.9.2 Yes, a sea / swell of ... metres from ...(cardinal/half cardinal points) is expected (- within the next hours).

.10 A tsunami / an abnormal wave is expected by ... UTC.

.2 Restricted visibility

. 1 What is visibility in your position / in position ... ?

. 1.1 Visibility in my position / in position is ... metres / nautical miles

. 1.2 Visibility is restricted by mist / fog / snow / dust / rain.

. 1.3 Visibility is increasing / decreasing / variable.

. 2 Is visibility expected to change in my position / in position ... (within the next hours)?

. 2.1 No, visibility is not expected to change in your position / in position... (- within the next hours).

. 2.2 Yes, visibility is expected to increase / decrease to ... metres / nautical miles in your position / in position ... ( within the next hours).

. 2.3 Visibility is expected to be variable between ... metres / nautical miles in your position / in position ... ( within the next hours).

.3 Ice

. 1 What is the latest ice information?

. 1.1 Ice warning. Ice / iceberg(s) located in position ... / reported in area around ...

. 1.2 No ice located in position ... / reported in area around ... .

. 2 What ice situation is expected in my position / area around ... ?

. 2.1 Ice situation is

~ not expected to change in your position / area around ... .

~ expected to improve / deteriorate in your position / area around ... .

. 2.2 Thickness of ice is expected to increase / decrease in your position / area around ... .

. 3 Navigation is dangerous in area around ... due to floating ice / pack ice / iceberg(s).

. 4 Navigation in area around ... is only possible

~ for high-powered vessels of strong construction .

~ with ice-breaker assistance.

. 5 Area around ... temporarily closed for navigation.

. 6 Danger of icing in area around ... .

.4 Abnormal tides

. 1 The present tide ... is metres above / below datum in position ... .

. 2 The tide ... is metres above/below prediction.

. 3 The tide is rising / falling.

. 4 Wait until high / low water.

. 5 Abnormally high / low tides are expected in position ... at about ... UTC / within ... hours.

. 6 Is the depth of water sufficient in position ... ?

. 6.1 Yes, the depth of water is sufficient in position ... .

. 6.2 No, the depth of water is not sufficient in position ... .

. 6.3 The depth of water is ... metres in position ... .

. 7 My draft ... is metres - can I enter / pass ... (charted name of place)?

. 7.1 Yes, you can enter / pass (charted name of place).

. 7.2 No, you cannot enter / pass (charted name of place) - wait until ... UTC.

. 8 The charted depth of water is increased / decreased by ... metres due to sea state / winds.

AI/3.2 Navigational warnings involving

.1 Land- or seamarks

Defects

.1 ...( charted name of light / buoy) in position ...

~ unlit / unreliable / damaged / destroyed / off station / missing.

Alterations

.2 ... ( charted name of lightbuoy / buoy) in position ... ~ (temporarily) changed to ...(full characteristics).

~ (temporarily) removed.

~ (temporarily) discontinued.

New and moved

.3 ...( charted name of light / buoy) ...(full characteristics)

~ established in position ... .

~ re-established in position ... .

~ moved ... kilometres / nautical miles in ... (direction) to position ... .

.4 (Note: Only for major fog signal stations.) Fog signal ...( charted name of light / buoy) in position ... inoperative.

.2 Drifting objects

.1 Superbuoy / mine / unlit derelict vessel / ... (number) container(s) adrift in vicinity ...(position) at ...(date and time if known).

.3 Electronic navigational aids

.1 GPS Satellite ...(number) unusable from ... (date and time) to ...(date and time). Cancel one hour after time of restoration.

.2 LORAN station ...(name or number of master / secondary) off air from ...(date and time) to ... (date and time). Cancel one hour after time of restoration.

.3 RACON ... (name of station) in position ... off air from ...(date and time) to... (date and time). Cancel one hour after time of restoration.

.4 Seabottom characteristics, wrecks

Use REPORTED when position is unconfirmed, and use LOCATED when position has been confirmed by survey or other means

.1 Uncharted reef / rock / shoal / dangerous wreck / obstruction reported / located in position ... .

.2 Dangerous wreck in position... marked by ... (type)buoy ...(distance in kilometres/nautical miles ) ...(direction).

.5 - Miscellaneous

.5.1 Cable, pipeline and seismic / hydrographic operations

.1 Cable / pipeline operations by ... (vessel) in vicinity / along line joining ... (positions) from ...(date and time)to ...(date and time). Wide berth requested (if requested). Contact via VHF Channel ... (if requested).

.2 Seismic survey / hydrographic operations by ...(vessel) from ...(date and time) to... (date and time) in ...(position). Wide berth requested. (if requested). Contact via VHF Channel ... (if requested).

.3 Survey vessel ...(name) towing ...(length) seismic cable along line joining / in area bounded by / in vicinity ...(position) from ...(date and time) to ...(date and time). Wide berth requested (if requested). Contact via VHF Channel ... (if requested).

.4 Hazardous operations by ...(vessel) in area bounded by / in vicinity ... (position) from ... (date and time) to ...(date and time). Wide berth requested (if requested). Contact via VHF Channel ... (if requested).

.5 Current meters / hydrographic instruments moored in ...(position). Wide berth requested (if requested).

.5.2 - Diving, towing and dredging operations

.1 Diving/dredging operations by vessel ... (name) from ...(date and time) to ...(date and time) in position ... . Wide berth requested (if requested).

.2 Difficult tow from ...(port of departure)on ... (date) to ...(destination)on ...(date). Wide berth requested.

.5.3 - Tanker transhipment

.1 Transhipment of ...(kind of cargo) in position... . Wide berth requested.

.2 I am / MT ... spilling oil / chemicals /... in position....Wide berth requested.

.3 I am / LNG-tanker ... leaking gas in position... - do not pass to windward.

.4 Oil clearance operations near MT ... in position ... . Wide berth requested.

.5.4 - Off-shore installations, rig moves

.1 Platform ...(name/number if available) reported / established in position... at ... (date and time).Wide berth requested (if requested).

.2 Platform ...(name/number if available) removed from ...(position) on ... (date).

.3 Pipeline / platform ...(name/number if available) in position ... spilling oil / leaking gas. Wide berth requested.

.4 Derelict platform ...(name/number if available) being removed from ...(position) at ... (date and time).Wide berth requested.

.5.5- Defective locks or bridges

.1 Lock ...(name) defective.

.1.1 For entering ...(charted name of place) use lock ...(name).

.2 Lock / bridge ... (name) defective.

.2.1 Avoid this area - no possibility for vessels to turn.

.5.6 - Military operations

.1 Gunnery / rocket firing / missile / torpedo / underwater ordnance exercises in area bounded by ... (positions) from ... (date and time) to... (date and time). Wide berth requested (if requested).

.2 Mine clearing operations from ...(date time) to ...(date and time) in area bounded by ...(positions).Wide berth requested. Contact via VHF channel ... (if requested).

.5.7- Fishery

.1 Small fishing boats in area around ... - navigate with caution.

.2 Is fishing gear ahead of me?

.2.1 No fishing gear ahead of you.

.2.2 Yes, fishing gear with buoys / without buoys in position .../ area around ... - navigate with caution.

.3 Fishing gear has fouled my propeller(s).

.4 You have caught my fishing gear.

.5 Advise you to recover your fishing gear.

.6 Fishing in area ... prohibited.

AI/3.3- Environmental protection communications

.1 Located oil spill in position ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) extending ... (length and width in metres) to ... (cardinal/half cardinal points).

.2 Located oil spill

~ in your wake.

~ in the wake of MV ... .

.3 I have / MV ... has accidental spillage of oil / ... .

.4 Can you / MV ... stop spillage? .4.1 Yes, I / MV ... can stop spillage.

.4.2 No, I / MV ... cannot stop spillage.

.5 What kind of assistance is required?

.5.1 I require / MV ... requires - oil clearance assistance. - floating booms / oil dispersants / ... .

.5 Stay in vicinity of pollution and co-operate with oil clearance team.

.6 ... (number) barrels / drums / containers with IMDG - Code marks reported adrift near position..... .

.7 Located a vessel dumping chemicals / waste / ... in position ... .

.7.1 Located a vessel incinerating chemicals / waste / ... in position ... .

.8 Can you identify the polluter?

.8.1 Yes, I can identify the polluter - polluter is MV ... .

.8.2 No, I cannot identify the polluter.

.9 What is course and speed of the polluter?

.9.1 Course of the polluter ... degrees, speed ... knots.

.9.2 The polluter left the scene.

 

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AI/4 - PILOTAGE

AI/4.1 - Pilot request See AI/6 - .4.3 "Pilot request"

AI/4.2 Embarking / disembarking pilot

.1 Stand by pilot ladder.

.2 Rig the pilot ladder on port side / starboard side ... metres above water.

.3 The pilot ladder is rigged on port side / starboard side.

.4 You must rig another pilot ladder

.5 The pilot ladder is unsafe. .6 What is wrong with the pilot ladder?

.6.1 The pilot ladder

~ has broken / loose steps.

~ has broken spreaders.

~ has spreaders too short.

~ is too far aft / forward.

.7 Move the pilot ladder

~ ... metres aft / forward.

~ clear of discharge.

.8 Rig the accommodation ladder in combination with the pilot ladder.

.9 Rig the pilot ladder alongside hoist.

.10 Put lights on at the pilot ladder.

.11 Man ropes are required / not required.

.12 Have a heaving line ready at the pilot ladder.

.13 Correct the list of the vessel.

.14 Make a lee on your port side / starboard side.

.15 Steer ... degrees to make a lee.

.16 Keep the sea on your port quarter / starboard quarter.

.17 Make a boarding speed of ... knots.

.18 Stop engine(s) until pilot boat is clear.

.19 Put helm hard to port / starboard.

.20 Alter course to … (cardinal/half cardinal points) - the pilot boat cannot clear the vessel.

.21 Put engine(s) ahead / astern.

.22 Embarkation is not possible.

.22.1 Boarding arrangements do not comply with SOLAS - Regulations.

.22.2 Vessel is not suited for the pilot ladder.

 

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AI/4.3 - TUG REQUEST

.1 Must I take tug(s)?

.1.1 Yes, you must take ... tug(s).

.1.2 No, you need not take tug(s).

.2 How many tugs must I take?

.2.1 You must take ... tug(s) according to Port Regulations.

.2.2 You must take ... tug(s) fore and ... tug(s) aft.

.3 I require ... tug(s).

.4 In what position will the tug(s) meet me?

.4.1 The tug(s) will meet you in position ... at ...UTC.

.4.2 Wait for the tug(s) in position ... .

.5 Must I use the towing lines of my vessel?

.5.1 Yes, you must use the towing lines.

.5.2 No, you must use the towing lines of the tug.

 

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AI/5 - SPECIALS

AI/5.1 Helicopter operations (H: = from helicopter V: = from vessel )

.1 V: I require a helicopter.

~ to pick up persons.

~ with doctor.

~ with liferaft / ... .

.1.1 MRCC: I will send a helicopter with ... .

.2 H: MV ... , I will drop ... .

.3 H: MV ... , are you ready for the helicopter?

.3.1 V: Yes, I am ready for the helicopter.

.3.2 V: No, I am not ready for the helicopter (yet).

.3.3 V: Ready for the helicopter in ... minutes.

.4 H: MV ... , helicopter is on the way to you.

.5 H: MV ... , what is your position.

.5.1 V: My position is ... .

.6 H: MV ... , what is your present course and speed.

.6.1 V: My present course is ... degrees, speed is ... knots.

.7 H: MV ... , make identification signals.

.8 V: I am making identification signals by smoke (buoy) / search light / flags / signalling lamp / ... .

.9 H: MV ... , you are identified.

.10 H: MV ... , what is the relative wind direction in degrees and knots.

.10.1 V: The relative wind direction is ... degrees and ... knots.

.11 H: MV ... , keep the wind on port / starboard bow.

.12 H: MV ... , keep the wind on port / starboard quarter.

.13 H: MV ... , indicate the landing / pick-up area.

.13.1 V: The landing / pick-up area is ... .

.14 H: MV ... , can I land on deck?

.14.1 V: Yes, you can land on deck.

.14.2 V: No, you cannot land on deck (yet).

.14.3 V: You can land on deck in ... minutes.

.15 H: MV ... , I will use hoist / rescue sling / rescue basket / rescue net / rescue litter / rescue seat / double lift.

.16 V: I am ready to receive you.

.17 H: MV ... , I am landing.

.18 H: MV ... , I am starting operation.

.19 H: MV ... , do not fix the hoist cable

. .20 H: MV ... , operation finished.

.21 H: MV ... , I am taking off.

AI/5.2 Ice - breaker operations

.1 Ice - breaker request

.1 I am / MV is ... fast in ice in position ... .

.2 I require / MV ... requires ice-breaker assistance to reach ... .

.3 Ice-breaker assistance ~ will arrive at ... UTC / within ... hours.

~ is not available until ... UTC.

~ is available only up to latitude... longitude....

~ is suspended until...(date and time).

~ is suspended after sunset.

~ is suspended until favourable weather conditions.

~ will be resumed at ... UTC.

.2 Ice - breaker assistance for convoy

Ice-breaker commands applying to all the vessels in a convoy have to be immediately confirmed consecutively by each vessel in turn and executed according to the pattern given in GENERAL 4.6. Ice-breaker commands applying to a single vessel are confirmed and executed only by that vessel, this applies also for close coupled towing. When being assisted by an ice-breaker it is important to maintain a continuous listening watch on the appropriate VHF Channel and to maintain a proper lookout for sound and visual signals.

.1 Ice breaker assistance for convoy will start now / at ... UTC.

.2 Your place in convoy is number ... .

.3 MV ... will follow you.

.4 You will follow MV ... .

.5 Go ahead and follow me.

.5.1 Do not follow me.

.6 Proceed along the ice channel.

.7 Increase / reduce your speed.

.8 Reverse your engines.

.9 Stop engines.

.10 Keep a distance of ... metres /cables between vessels.

.11 Increase / reduce the distance between vessels to ... metres / cables.

.12 Stand by for receiving towing line.

.12.1 Stand by for letting go towing line.

.13 Switch on the bow / stern search light

.14 Stop in present position.

.15 Ice-breaker ... will escort you.

.16 Ice-breaker assistance for convoy finished

. .16.1 Open water / light ice conditions ahead.

.17 Proceed by yourself (to area ...).

.3 Ice - breaker assistance in close-coupled towing

.1 Stand by for close coupled towing.

.2 Slack out your anchors under the hawse-pipes.

.3 Pass heaving lines through the hawse-pipes.

.4 Receive towing line on deck.

.5 Lash together the eyes of the towing line with manila lashing.

.6 Fasten towing line on your bitts.

.7 I start to draw your bow into the stern notch of the ice-breaker.

.8 Stand by for cutting the manila lashing if required.

.9 Keep yourself in the centre-plane of the ice-breaker.

 

Back to top.

 

AI/6 VESSEL TRAFFIC SERVICE (VTS) STANDARD PHRASES

Application of Message Markers

In order to especially facilitate shore-to-ship and ship-to-shore communication or when one of the Standard Marine Communication Phrases will not fit the meaning desired, one of the following eight message markers may be used to increase the probability of the purpose of the message being properly understood.

It is at the discretion of the shore personnel or the ship´s officer whether to use one of the message markers and if so which of them to apply depending on the user`s qualified assessment of the situation. If used the message marker is to be spoken preceding the message or the corresponding part of the message. The IMO VTS Guidelines recommend that in any message directed to a vessel it should be clear whether the message contains information, advice, warning, or instruction and IMO Standard Marine Communication Phrases should be used where practicable.

For further standardized VTS communications, also see other sections of PART AI. For VTS Standard Reporting Procedures see IMO Resolution A. 851 (20) on "General Principles for Ship Reporting Systems and Ship Reporting Requirements, including guidelines for reporting incidents involving dangerous goods, harmful substances and / or marine pollutants".

Note: All of the following phrases must come as the culmination (message content) of a radio message exchange between stations covered by the ITU Radio Regulations, and the relevant calling procedures have to be observed.

Message Markers

(i) INSTRUCTION

This indicates that the following message implies the intention of the sender to influence others by a Regulation.

Comment: This means that the sender, e.g. a VTS - Station or a naval vessel, must have the full authority to send such a message. The recipient has to follow this legally binding message unless s/he has contradictory safety reasons which then have to be reported to the sender.

Example: "INSTRUCTION. Do not cross the fairway."

(ii) ADVICE

This indicates that the following message implies the intention of the sender to influence others by a Recommendation.

Comment: The decision whether to follow the ADVICE still stays with the recipient. ADVICE does not necessarily have to be followed but should be considered very carefully.

Example: "ADVICE. (Advise you) stand by on VHF Channel six nine."

(iii) WARNING

This indicates that the following message implies the intention of the sender to inform others about danger.

Comment: This means that any recipient of a WARNING should pay immediate attention to the danger mentioned. Consequences of a WARNING will be up to the recipient.

Example: "WARNING. Obstruction in the fairway."

(iv) INFORMATION

This indicates that the following message is restricted to observed facts, situations, etc..

Comment: This marker is preferably used for navigational and traffic information, etc.. Consequences of INFORMATION will be up to the recipient.

Example: "INFORMATION. MV Noname will overtake to the West of you ."

(v) QUESTION

This indicates that the following message is of interrogative character.

Comment: The use of this marker removes any doubt on whether a question is being asked or statement being made, especially when interrogatives such as What, Where, Why, Who, How are additionally used at the beginning of the question. The recipient is expected to return an answer.

Example: "QUESTION.( What is ) your present maximum draft?"

(vi) ANSWER

This indicates that the following message is the reply to a previous question.

Comment: Note that an answer should not contain another question.

Example: "ANSWER. My present maximum draft is zero seven metres."

(vii) REQUEST

This indicates that the following message is asking for action from others with respect to the vessel.

Comment: The use of this marker is to signal: I want something to be arranged or provided, e.g. ship´s stores requirements, tugs, permission, etc..

Note: REQUEST must not be used involving navigation, or to modify COLREGS.

Example: "REQUEST. I require two tugs."

(viii) INTENTION

This indicates that the following message informs others about immediate navigational action intended to be taken.

Comment: The use of this message marker is logically restricted to messages announcing navigational actions by the vessel sending this message.

Example: "INTENTION. I will reduce my speed."

AI/6.1 Phrases for acquiring and providing data for a traffic image .

1 Acquiring and providing routine traffic data

.1 What is the name of your vessel and call sign / identification?

.1.1 The name of my vessel is ... , call sign ... / identification ... .

.1.2 Spell the name of your vessel.

.2 What is your flag state? .2.1 My flag state is ... .

.3 What is your position?

.3.1 My position is ... .

.4 What is your present course and speed?

.4.1 My present course is ... degrees, my speed is ... knots.

.5 From what direction are you approaching?

.5.1 I am approaching from ... .

.6 What is your port of destination / destination?

.6.1 My port of destination / destination is ... .

.7 What was your last port of call?

.7.1 My last port of call was ... .

.8 What is your ETA in position ... ?

.8.1 My ETA is ... UTC.

.9 What is your ETD from ... ?

.9.1 My ETD from ... is ... UTC.

.10 What is your draft forward / aft?

.10.1 My draft forward / aft is ... metres.

.11 What is your present maximum draft ?

.11.1 My present maximum draft is ... metres.

.12 What is your freeboard? .12.1 My freeboard is ... metres.

.13 What is your air draft?

.13.1 My air draft is ... metres.

.14 Are you underway?

.14.1 Yes, I am underway.

.14.2 No, I am not underway.

.14.3 I am ready to get underway.

.15 What is your full speed / full manoeuvring speed?

.15.1 My full speed / full manoeuvring speed is ... knots.

.16 What is your cargo? .16.1 My cargo is ... .

.17 Do you carry any dangerous goods?

.17.1 Yes, I carry the following dangerous goods: ... kilogrammes / tonnes IMO Class ... .

.17.2 No, I do not carry any dangerous goods.

.18 Do you have any deficiencies / restrictions?

.18.1 No, I have no deficiencies / restrictions.

.18.2 Yes, I have the following deficiencies / restrictions: ... .

.19 I am / MV ... is constrained by draft.

.20 The maximum permitted draft is ... metres.

.21 Do you have any list?

.21.1 Yes, I have a list to port / starboard of ... degrees.

.21.2 No, I have no list.

.22 Are you on even keel?

.22.1 Yes, I am on even keel.

.22.2 No, I am trimmed by the head / stern.

.2 Acquiring and providing distress traffic data

See AI/1.1 "Distress communications "

AI/6.2 Phrases for providing VTS services

.1 Information service

These phrases are normally transmitted from the shore.

.1.1 Navigational warnings

.1 Unknown object(s) in position ... .

.2 Ice / iceberg(s) in position ... / area around ... .

.3 Unlit derelict vessel adrift in vicinity ... at ... (date and time).

.4 Dangerous wreck / obstruction located in position ... marked by ... (type) buoy.

.5 Hazardous mine adrift in vicinity ... at ... (date and time).

.6 Uncharted reef / rock / shoal reported in position ... .

.7 Pipeline is leaking gas / oil in position ... - wide berth requested.

.8 Depth of water not sufficient in position ... .

.9 Navigation closed in area ... .

.1.2 Navigational information

.1 Oil spill in position ... .

.2 Current meters / hydrographic instruments moored in position ...- wide berth requested.

.3 Platform ...(name / number) reported / established in position ... - wide berth requested.

.4 ...( charted name of light / buoy) in position ...

~ unlit / unreliable / damaged / destroyed / off station / missing. ~ (temporarily) changed to ...(full characteristics).

~ (temporarily) removed.

~ (temporarily) discontinued.

.5 ...( charted name of light / buoy) ...(full characteristics)

~ established in position ... .

~ re-established in position ... .

~ moved ... kilometres / nautical miles in ... (direction) to position ... .

.6 (Note: Only for major fog signal stations.)

Fog signal ...( charted name of light / buoy) in position ... inoperative.

.1.3 Traffic information

.1 Gunnery / rocket firing / missile / torpedo / underwater ordnance exercises in area bounded by ...(positions) and ... from ... (date and time) to ... (date and time). Wide berth requested.

.2 Cable / pipeline operations by... (vessel) in vicinity ... / along a line joining ...(position) from ... (date and time) to... (date and time) - wide berth requested. Contact via VHF Channel ...

.3 Salvage operations in position ... from ... (date and time) to ... (date and time) - wide berth requested. Contact via VHF Channel ... .

.4 Seismic / hydrographic operations by ... (vessel)... from ... (date and time) to ...(date and time) in position ... - wide berth requested. Contact via VHF Channel ... .

.5 Oil clearance operations near MT ... in position ... - wide berth requested.

.6 Transhipment of ...(kind of cargo) in position ... - wide berth requested.

.7 Difficult tow from ...(port of departure) to ...(destination) on ...(date) - wide berth requested.

.8 Vessel not under command in position ... / area ... .

.9 Hampered vessel in position ... area ... (course ... degrees, speed ... knots).

.10 Vessel in position ... on course ... and speed ... is not complying with traffic regulations.

.11 Vessel is crossing ... traffic lane on course ... and speed ... in position ... .

.12 Small fishing boats in area around ... - navigate with caution.

.13 Submarines operating in sea area around ... surface vessels are in attendance.

.1.4 Route information

.1 Route .../ Traffic Lane ... has been suspended / discontinued / diverted.

.1.5 Hydrographic information

.1 Tidal prediction for ... (name of station(s)) / area ... :

.1.1 A tide of ... metres above / below datum is expected in position ... / area ... at about ... UTC.

.1.2 Abnormally high / low tides are expected in position ... / area ... at about ... UTC.

.2 The tide is rising -

~ it is ... hours before high water / after low water.

~ it is ... metres below high water / above low water.

.3 The tide is falling -

~ it is ... hours after high water / before low water.

~ it is ... metres below high water / above low water.

.4 The tide is slack.

.5 Present tide is ... metres above / below datum ... in position ... ..

.6 The tide is ... metres above / below prediction

.7 The tidal stream / current is ... knots in position ... .

.8 The tide is setting in direction ... degrees.

.9 The depth of water is / is not sufficient in position ... .

.10 Charted depth has increased / decreased by ... metres due to winds / sea state.

.1.6 Electronic navigational aids information

.1 GPS Satellite ...(number) unusable from ...(date and time) to ... (date and time). Cancel one hour after time of restoration.

.2 LORAN station ...(name number of master / slave ) off air from .... (date and time) to .... (date and time). Cancel one hour after time of restoration.

.3 RACON ... (name of station) in position ... off air ... from ... (date and time) to ... (date and time).

.1.7 Meteorological warnings

.1 Gale warning / storm warning was issued at ... UTC starting at ... UTC .

.1.1 Gale warning / storm warning. Wind at ... UTC in area ... (met. area) from direction ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) and force Beaufort ... backing / veering to ... (cardinal/half cardinal points).

.2 Tropical storm warning was issued at ... UTC starting at ... UTC.

.2.1 Tropical storm warning at ... UTC. Hurricane ... (name) / tropical cyclone / tornado / willy-willy / typhoon / ... with central pressure of ... millibars/hPascals located in position ...

. Present movement ... (cardinal points) at ... knots. Winds of ... knots within radius of ... nautical miles of centre. Seas over ... metres. Further information on VHF Channel ... / frequency ... (at ... UTC).

.1.8 Meteorological information

.1 Position of tropical storm ... (name) ..., path ... (cardinal/half cardinal points), speed of advance ... knots.

.2 Wind direction ...(cardinal/half cardinal points), force Beaufort ... in position ... .

.3 Wind is backing / veering and increasing / decreasing.

.4 Wind is expected to increase / decrease in position ... to force Beaufort ... within the next... hours.

.5 Visibility in position ...

~ ... metres / nautical miles.

~ reduced by mist / fog / snow / dust / rain / ... .

~ expected to increase / decrease to ... metres / nautical miles within the next ... hours.

.6 Sea / swell in position ...

~ ... metres from ...(cardinal/half cardinal points).

~ expected to increase / decrease within the next ... hours.

.7 Icing is expected / not expected in area ... .

.1.9 Meteorological questions and answers

See AI/3.1 "Meteorological and hydrological conditions"

.2 Navigational assistance service

Shore based pilotage by Navigational Assistance Service: also see AI/6.4 .3.18 to .3.21

.2.1 Request and identification

.1 Is shore based radar assistance available?

.1.1 Yes, shore based radar assistance is available.

.1.2 No, shore based radar assistance is not available.

.2 Shore based radar assistance is available from ... to ... UTC.

.3 Do you require navigational assistance to reach ... ?

.3.1 Yes, I require navigational assistance.

.3.2 No, I do not require navigational assistance

.4 What is your position?

.4.1 My position is bearing ... degrees ..., distance ... kilometres / nautical miles from ... .

.5 How was your position obtained?

.5.1 My position was obtained by GPS / RADAR / cross-bearing / astronomical observation / ...

.6 Say again your position for identification.

.7 I have located you on my radar screen.

.7.1 Your position is bearing ... degrees, distance ... kilometres / nautical miles from ... .

.8 I cannot locate you on my radar screen.

.9 What is your present course and speed?

.9.1 My present course is ... degrees, my speed is ... knots.

.10 What is the course to reach you?

.10.1 The course to reach me is ... degrees.

.11 Is your radar in operation?

.11.1 Yes, my radar is in operation.

.11.2 No, my radar is not in operation.

.12 What range scale are you using?

.12.1 I am using ... miles range scale.

.12.2 Change to a larger / smaller range scale.

.13 You are leaving my radar screen.

.14 Change to radar ... (name) VHF Channel ... .

.15 I have lost radar contact.

.2.2 Position

.1 You are entering ... .

.2 Your position is .../ bearing ... degrees, distance ... kilometres / nautical miles from ... .

.3 You are passing ... .

You are

~ in the centre of the fairway.

~ on / not on the radar reference line (of the fairway).

~ on the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) side of the fairway.

.4 You are approaching the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) limit of the fairway.

.5 Your position is buoy number ... distance ... metres / cables to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) of the radar reference line

.6 Your position is distance ... metres / cables from the intersection of radar reference line ... and radar reference line ... and distance ... metres / cables to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) of radar reference line ... .

.7 MV ... has reported at reporting point ... .

.8 You are getting closer to the vessel to the … (cardinal/half cardinal points) of you.

.9 Vessel on opposite course is passing to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) of you

. 10 MV ... is metres / cables ... (cardinal points) of you

~ is ingoing / outgoing.

~ has stopped.

~ is at anchor.

~ is on a reciprocal course

~ will overtake to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) of you

.11 Vessel has anchored ... metres / cables to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) of you in position ... .

.12 Vessel to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) of you is obstructing your movements.

.13 You will meet crossing traffic in position ... .

.14 Vessel is entering / leaving the fairway at ... .

.15 Buoy ... distance ... metres / cables to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points).

.16 Vessel to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) of you is

~ turning.

~ anchoring.

~ increasing / decreasing speed.

~ overtaking you.

~ not under command.

.2.3 Course

Note: The user of this phrase should be fully aware of the implications of words such as "track", "heading" and "course made good".

.1 Your track is

~ parallel with the reference line.

~ diverging from the reference line.

~ converging to the reference line.

.2 What is your present course / heading?

.2.1 My present course / heading is ... degrees

.3 You are steering a dangerous course.

.4 Course to make good is ... degrees.

.5 Vessel to the ... (cardinal points) of you is on same course ... degrees.

.5.1 Advise you

~ keep your present course.

~ steer a new course of … degrees.

.6 Have you altered course?

.6.1 Yes, I have altered course - my new course is ... degrees.

.6.2 No, I have not altered course - my course is ... degrees.

.7 You are running into danger -

~ shallow water to the ... (cardinal points) of you.

~ submerged wreck to the ... (cardinal points) of you.

~ fog bank to the ... (cardinal points) of you.

~ risk of collision (with a vessel bearing ... degrees, distance ... kilometres / nautical miles).

~ bridge is defective / ... .

.3 Traffic organization service

.3.1 Clearance, forward planning

.1 Traffic clearance is required before entering ... .

.2 Do not enter the traffic lane / ... .

.3 Proceed to the emergency anchorage.

.4 Keep clear of .../ avoid ... .

.5 You have permission

~ to enter the traffic lane / route - traffic clearance granted.

~ to enter traffic lane / route in position ... at ... UTC.

.6 Do not pass the reporting point ... until ... UTC.

.7 Report at the next way point / way point ... / at ... UTC.

.8 You must arrive at way point ... at ... UTC - your berth is clear.

.9 Do not arrive in position ... before / after ... UTC.

.10 The tide is with you / against you.

.3.2 Anchoring

.1 You must anchor

~ at ... UTC. ~ until the pilot arrives.

~ in a different position.

~ clear of fairway.

.2 Do not anchor in position ... .

.3 Anchoring is prohibited.

.6 You must heave up anchor.

.7 You are at anchor in a wrong position.

.8 Have your crew on stand by for heaving up anchor when the pilot embarks.

.9 You have permission to anchor (at ... UTC)

~ in position ... .

~ until the pilot arrives.

~ until the tugs arrive.

~ until sufficient water.

.10 You are obstructing the fairway / other traffic.

.11 Are you dragging / dredging anchor?

.11.1 Yes, I am dragging / dredging anchor.

.11.2 No, I am not dragging / dredging anchor.

.12 Do not dredge anchor.

.3.3 Arrival, berthing and departure

.1 Your orders are to berth on ... .

.2 Your orders are changed to proceed to ... .

.3 Proceed to ... for orders.

.4 You have permission to enter / to proceed at ... UTC.

.5 Vessel is turning / manoeuvring in position ... .

.6 MV ...

~ will turn in position ... .

~ will leave ... at ... UTC.

~ is leaving ... . ~ has left ... .

~ entered fairway in position ... .

.7 Your berth is not clear (until ... UTC)

.7.1 Your berth will be clear at ... UTC.

.8 You will berth / dock at ... UTC .

.9 Berthing has been delayed by ... hours.

.10 Be ready to get underway.

.10.1 I am ready to get underway

.11 Get underway.

.12 Are you underway?

.12.1 Yes, I am underway.

.12.2 No, I am not underway.

.13 Move ahead / astern ... metres.

.14 Your vessel is in position - make fast.

.3.4 Enforcement

.1 According to my radar, your course does not comply with Rule 10 of COLREGS.

.2 Your actions will be reported to the Authorities.

.3 You are

~ not complying with traffic regulations.

~ not keeping to the correct traffic lane.

.4 Have all navigational instruments in operation before entering this area / area ... .

.5 Your navigation lights are not visible.

.6 Recover your fishing gear.

.6.1 You are fishing in the fairway.

.7 Fishing gear is to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) of you.

.8 Fishing in area ...is prohibited.

.9 You are approaching a prohibited fishing area.

.10 Fairway speed is... knots.

.3.5 Avoiding dangerous situations, providing safe movements

.1 It is dangerous

~ to anchor in your present position.

~ to remain in your present position.

~ to alter course to the ... (cardinal points).

.2 Large vessel is leaving the fairway- keep clear of the fairway approach.

.3 Nets with buoys / without buoys in this area - navigate with caution.

.4 Collision in position ... .

.5 MV ... is aground / on fire / ... in position ... .

.6 Stand by for assistance.

.7 Vessels must ~ keep clear of this area / area ... .

~ avoid this area / area ... .

~ navigate with caution.

.8 Keep clear of ... - search and rescue in progress.

.9 Your present course is too close

~ to ingoing / outgoing vessel.

~ to the vessel that you are overtaking.

~ to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) limit of the fairway.

.10 Your course is deviating from the radar reference line.

.11 You are running into danger

~ shallow water to the .... (cardinal/half cardinal points) of you.

~ submerged wreck to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) of you.

~ fog bank to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) of you.

~ risk of collision (with vessel bearing ... degrees, distance ... kilometres / nautical miles).

~ bridge is defective.

.12 You are proceeding at a dangerous speed.

.13 You must

~ proceed by the fairway / route ... .

~ keep to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) of the fairway line / radar reference line.

~ stay clear of the fairway.

.14 You must wait for MV ... to cross ahead of you.

.15 You must wait for MV ... to clear ... before

~ entering the fairway.

~ getting underway.

~ leaving the berth.

.16 Do not

~ overtake.

~ cross the fairway.

.17 Alter course to the ...(cardinal/half cardinal points) of you.

.18 Pass to the ... (cardinal/half cardinal points) of

~ ingoing /outgoing / anchored / disabled vessel.

~ of ... mark / ... .

.19 Stop engines.

.20 MV ...

~ wishes to overtake to the … (cardinal points) of you.

~ agrees / does not agree to be overtaken. .

~ is approaching an obscured area ... - approaching vessels acknowledge.

.3.6 Canal and lock operations

.1 You must

~ close up on the vessel ahead of you.

~ drop back from the vessel ahead of you.

~ wait at ... . ~ moor at ... .

~ wait for lock clearance at ... until ... UTC.

.2 Convoy ... must wait / moor at ... .

.3 You will

~ join convoy ... at ... UTC.

~ enter canal / lock at ... UTC.

.4 Transit will begin at ... UTC.

.5 Your place in convoy is number ... .

.6 Transit / convoy speed is ... knots.

.7 Convoys / vessels will pass in area ...

. AI/6.3 Handing over to another VTS

.1 ... VTS this is ... VTS: MV ... position is bearing... degrees, distance ... kilometres / nautical miles from ... . working frequency is VHF Channel ... . Your target. Please confirm.

.2 ... VTS this is ... VTS: MV ... position bearing is ... degrees, distance ... kilometres / nautical miles from ... . I confirm. My target.

.3 .... VTS this is ... VTS: MV ... position is bearing... degrees, distance ... kilometres / nautical miles from ... . I am unable to take over this target.

AI/6.4 Phrases for communication with emergency services and allied services

.1 Emergency services (SAR, fire fighting, pollution fighting)

See AI/1 "Distress Communication"

.2 Tug services

Also see AII/3.6 "Tug assistance"

.1 How many tugs do you require?

.1.1 I require ... tug(s).

.2 You must take

~ ... tug(s) according to port regulations.

~ ... tug(s) fore and ... tug(s) aft.

.3 Wait for the tug(s) in position ... . .

4 The tugs will meet you in position ... at ... UTC.

.6 Tug services have been suspended until ...(date and time) / resumed on...(date and time).

.3 Pilot request

.1 Must I take a pilot?

.1.1 Yes, you must take a pilot - pilotage is compulsory.

.1.2 No, you need not take a pilot.

.2 Do you require a pilot?

.2.1 Yes, I require a pilot.

.2.2 No, I do not require a pilot - I am holder of Pilotage Exemption Certificate (No. ...).

.3 You are exempted from pilotage.

.4 Do you require a pilot at ...(name) Pilot Station?

.4.1 Yes, I require a pilot at ...(name) Pilot Station.

.4.2 No, I do not require a pilot at ...(name) Pilot Station - I require a pilot in position ...

.5 What is your ETA at ...(name) Pilot Station in local time?

.5.1 My ETA at...(name) Pilot Station is ... hours local time.

.6 What is local time?

.6.1 Local time is ... hours.

.7 What is your position?

.7.1 My position is ... .

.8 What is your distance from ...(name) Pilot Station?

.8.1 My distance from ...(name) Pilot Station is ... kilometres / nautical miles.

.9 Is the pilot boat on station?

.9.1 Yes, the pilot boat is on station.

.9.2 No, the pilot boat is not on station.

.9.3 The pilot boat will be on station at ... hours local time.

.10 In what position can I take the pilot?

.10.1 Take the pilot at ...(Pilot Station) / near ... at ... hours local time.

.11 When will the pilot embark?

.11.1 The pilot will embark at ... hours local time.

.12 The pilot boat is coming to you.

.13 Stop in present position and wait for the pilot.

.14 Keep the pilot boat to the … (cardinal/half cardinal points) of you.

.15 What is your freeboard?

.15.1 My freeboard is ... metres.

.16 Change to VHF Channel ... for pilot transfer.

.17 Stand by on VHF Channel ... until pilot transfer is completed.

.18 Pilotage at ...(name) Pilot Station has been suspended until ... (date and local time).

.19 Pilotage at ...(name) Pilot Station has been resumed

. .20 The pilot cannot embark at ... (name) Pilot Station due to ... .

.21 Do you accept shore-based navigational assistance from VTS Centre?

.21.1 Yes, I accept shore-based navigational assistance.

.21.2 No, I do not accept shore-based navigational assistance.

.21.3 I will stay in position ... until ... .

.22 You have permission to proceed by yourself (or wait for the pilot at ... buoy).

.23 Follow the pilot boat inward where the pilot will embark.

.4 Embarking / disembarking pilot

See AI/4.2 "Embarking/disembarking pilot"

 

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Appendix to AI - External Communication Phrases Standard GMDSS Messages

For further details see: ITU MANUAL for use by the Maritime Mobile and Maritime Mobile-Satellite Services, Geneva.

 

1 STANDARD DISTRESS MESSAGE

.1 Structure

Upon receipt of a DSC Distress Alert acknowledgement the vessel in distress should commence the distress traffic on one of the international distress traffic frequencies for telephony (VHF Channel 16 or 2182 kHz) as follows:

MAYDAY

THIS IS

· the 9-digit Maritime Mobile Service Identity code (MMSI) plus name / call sign or other identification of the vessel calling - the position of the vessel

- the nature of distress

- the assistance required

- any other information which might facilitate rescue.

.2 Example

MAYDAY -

THIS IS TWO-ONE-ONE-TWO-THREE-NINE-SIX-EIGHT-ZERO MOTOR VESSEL "BIRTE" CALL SIGN DELTA ALPHA MIKE KILO -

POSITION SIX TWO DEGREES ONE ONE DECIMAL EIGHT MINUTES NORTH - ZERO ZERO SEVEN DEGREES FOUR FOUR MINUTES EAST -

I AM ON FIRE AFTER EXPLOSION -

I REQUIRE FIRE FIGHTING ASSISTANCE -

SMOKE NOT TOXIC

OVER

 

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2. STANDARD URGENCY MESSAGE

.1 Structure

After the transmission of a DSC Urgency Call switch the transmitter to VHF Channel 16 or frequency 2182 kHz (if not automatically controlled) and commence the urgency traffic as follows:

PAN-PAN (repeated three times)

ALL STATIONS (repeated three times)

THIS IS - the 9-digit MMSI of the vessel plus name / call sign or other identification

- the position of the vessel

- the text of the urgency message.

.2 Example

PAN-PAN PAN-PAN PAN-PAN

ALL STATIONS ALL STATIONS ALL STATIONS -

THIS IS TWO-ONE-ONE-TWO-THREE-NINE-SIX-EIGHT-ZERO MOTORVESSEL "BIRTE"

CALL SIGN DELTA ALPHA MIKE KILO -

POSITION SIX TWO DEGREES ONE ONE DECIMAL EIGHT MINUTES NORTH ZERO ZERO SEVEN DEGREES FOUR FOUR MINUTES EAST -

I HAVE PROBLEMS WITH ENGINES

- I REQUIRE TUG ASSISTANCE -

OVER

 

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3. STANDARD SAFETY MESSAGE

.1 Structure

After the transmission of a DSC Safety Call switch the transmitter to VHF Channel 16 or frequency 2182 kHz (if not automatically controlled) and transmit the safety message as follows:

SECURITE (repeated three times)

ALL STATIONS (or all ships in a specific geographical area, or to a specific station) (repeated three times)

THIS IS - the 9-digit MMSI of the vessel plus name / call sign or other identification - the text of the safety message.

.3 Example

SECURITE SECURITE SECURITE

ALL SHIPS ALL SHIPS ALL SHIPS IN AREA PETER REEF -

THIS IS TWO-ONE-ONE-TWO-THREE-NINE-SIX-EIGHT-ZERO MOTORVESSEL "BIRTE" CALL SIGN DELTA ALPHA MIKE KILO -

DANGEROUS WRECK LOCATED IN POSITION TWO NAUTICAL MILES SOUTH OF PETER REEF

OVER

 

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AII - ON-BOARD COMMUNICATION PHRASES (A)

AII/1 Standard Wheel Orders

All wheel orders given should be repeated by the helmsman and the officer of the watch should ensure that they are carried out correctly and immediately. All wheel orders should be held until countermanded. The helmsman should report immediately if the vessel does not answer the wheel. When there is concern that the helmsman is inattentive s/he should be questioned:

"What is your heading ?" And s/he should respond: "My heading is ... degrees."

Order .............................................Meaning

1. Midships .................................Rudder to be held in the fore and aft position.

2. Port / starboard five ................5° of port / starboard rudder to be held.

3. Port / starboard ten ................10°of port / starboard rudder to be held.

4. Port / starboard fifteen ............15°of port / starboard rudder to be held.

5. Port / starboard twenty ............20° of port / starboard rudder to be held.

6. Port / starboard twenty-five .....25°of port / starboard rudder to be held.

7. Hard -a-port / starboard .........Rudder to be held fully over to port / starboard.

8. Nothing to port/starboard .......Avoid allowing the vessel's head to go to port/starboard .

9.Meet her .................................Check the swing of the vessel´s head in a turn.

10. Steady .................................Reduce swing as rapidly as possible.

11. Ease to five / ten ...................Reduce amount of rudder to 5°/10°/15°/20° and hold. / fifteen / twenty

12. Steady as she goes ..............Steer a steady course on the compass heading indicated at the time of the order.

The helmsman is to repeat the order and call out the compass heading on receiving the order. When the vessel is steady on that heading, the helmsman is to call out: "Steady on ..."

13. Keep the buoy/ mark/ beacon/ ... on port side / starboard side.

14. Report if she does not answer the wheel.

15. Finished with wheel, no more steering.

When the officer of the watch requires a course to be steered by compass, the direction in which s/he wants the wheel turned should be stated followed by each numeral being said separately, including zero, for example:

Order .......................Course to be steered

Port, steer one eight two ..............182°

Starboard, steer zero eight two .....082°

Port, steer three zero five ..............305°

On receipt of an order to steer, for example, 1820, the helmsman should repeat it and bring the vessel round steadily to the course ordered. When the vessel is steady on the course ordered, the helmsman is to call out:

"Steady on one eight two".

The person giving the order should acknowledge the helmsman's reply. If it is desired to steer on a selected mark the helmsman should be ordered to:

"Steer on ... buoy / ... mark / ... beacon". The person giving the order should acknowledge the helmsman's reply.

AII/2 Standard Engine Orders

Any engine order given should be repeated by the person operating the bridge telegraph(s) and the officer of the watch should ensure the order is carried out correctly and immediately.

Order

1. (Port / starboard engines) Full ahead / astern

2. (Port / starboard engines) Half ahead / astern

3. (Port / starboard engines) Slow ahead / astern

4. (Port / starboard engines) Dead slow ahead / astern

5. Stop (port / starboard) engines

6. Emergency full ahead / astern

7. Stand by engine (Engine-room personnel fully ready to manoeuvre and bridge manned to relay engine orders.)

8. Finished with engines - no more manoeuvring. (Operation of engines no longer required.)

In vessels fitted with twin propellers, the word "both" should be added to all orders affecting both shafts, e.g. "Full ahead both", and "Slow astern both", except that the words "Stop all engines" should be used, when appropriate. When required to manoeuvre twin propellers independently, this should be indicated, i.e. "Full ahead starboard", "Half astern port", etc.

Where thrusters are used, the following orders are used:

9. Bow thruster full / half to port / starboard.

10. Stern thruster full / half to port / starboard.

11. Bow / stern thruster stop

AII/3 Pilot on the Bridge

AII/3.1 Propulsion system

. 1 Is the engine a diesel or a turbine?

. 1.1 The engine is a diesel / turbine. .

2 Is the engine-room manned or is the engine on bridge control?

. 2.1 The engine-room is manned.

. 2.2 The engine is on bridge control.

. 3 How long does it take to change the engines from ahead to astern?

. 3.1 It takes ... seconds to change the engines (from ahead to astern).

. 4 How long does it take to start the engines from stopped?

. 4.1. It takes ... seconds to start the engines (from stopped).

. 5 Is extra power available in an emergency?

. 5.1 Yes, extra power is available.

. 5.2 No, extra power is not available.

. 6 Do you have a controllable or fixed pitch propeller?

. 6.1 We have a controllable pitch propeller.

. 6.2 We have a fixed pitch propeller.

. 7 Do you have a right-hand or left - hand propeller?

. 7.1 We have a right-hand / left-hand propeller.

. 8 Do you have a single propeller or twin propellers?

. 8.1 We have a single propeller / twin propellers.

. 9 Do you have a bow thrusteror stern thruster?

. 9.1 We have one /two/.. bow thruster(s) / stern thruster(s).

.10 What is the maximum manoeuvring power ahead / astern?

.10.1 The maximum manoeuvring power ahead / astern is ... kiloWatts.

.11 What are the maximum revolutions ahead / astern?

.11.1 The maximum revolutions ahead / astern are ... .

.12 Do the twin propellers turn inward or outward when going ahead.

.12.1 The twin propellers turn inward / outward (when going ahead).

AII/3.2 Manoeuvring

. 1 I require the pilot card / manoeuvring data.

. 2 What is the diameter of the turning circle?

. 2.1 The diameter of the turning circle is ... metres.

. 3 What is the advance and transfer distance in a crash-stop?

. 3.1 The advance distance is ... kilometres / nautical miles, the transfer distance is ... degrees (in a crash-stop).

. 4 How long does it take from hard-a-port to hard-a-starboard?

. 4.1 It takes ... seconds (from hard-a-port to hard-a-starboard).

. 5 Is the turning effect of the propeller very strong?

. 5.1 Yes, the turning effect (of the propeller) is very strong.

. 5.2 No, the turning effect (of the propeller) is not very strong.

. 6 Where is the whistle control?

. 6.1 The whistle control is on the console / on ... .

. 7 What notice is required to reduce from full sea speed to manoeuvring speed?

. 7.1 ... minutes notice is required (to reduce from full sea speed to manoeuvring speed).

. 8 Do you have an automatic pilot?

. 8.1 Yes, we have an automatic pilot.

. 8.2 No, we do not have an automatic pilot.

.9. Give ... short / prolonged blast(s) (on the whistle).

.10 Stand by lookout.

.11 Maintain a speed of ... knots.

.12 What is the (manoeuvring) speed at full / half / slow / dead slow ahead?

.12.1 The (manoeuvring) speed at full / half / slow / dead slow ahead is ... knots.

.13 What is the full sea speed / fairway speed?

.13.1 The full sea speed / fairway speed is … knots.

AII/3.3 Radar

.1 Is the radar operational?

.1.1 Yes, the radar is operational.

.1.2 No, the radar is not operational.

.2 Where is the radar antenna?

.2.1 The radar antenna is on … .

.3 Does the radar have any blind sectors?

.3.1 Yes, the radar has blind sectors from … to … degrees and from … to … degrees.

.3.2 No, the radar does not have any blind sectors.

.4 Change the radar to

~ … miles range scale.

~ relative head-up / north-up / course-up.

~ true-motion north-up / course-up.

AII/ 3.4 Draft and air draft

.1 What is your present maximum draft?

.1.1 My present maximum draft is … metres.

.1.2 My draft forward / aft is … metres.

.2 What is your air draft?

. 2.1 My air draft is … metres.

AII/3.5 Anchoring

.1 Going to anchor

.1 Stand by port / starboard / both anchor(s) for letting go.

.2 Walk out the anchor(s)

.3 We are going to anchorage.

.4 We will let go port / starboard / both anchor(s).

.5 Put … shackles in the water / in the pipe / on deck.

.6 Walk back port / starboard / both anchor(s) one / one and a half shackle(s).

.7 We will let go port / starboard / both anchor(s) … shackle(s) and dredge it / them.

.8 Let go port / starboard / both anchor(s).

.9 Slack out the cable(s).

.9.1 Check the cable(s).

.9.2 Hold on the port / the starboard / both cable(s).

.10 How is the cable leading?

.10.1 The cable is leading

~ ahead / astern.

~ to port / to starboard.

~ round the bow.

~ up and down.

.11 How is the cable growing?

.11.1 The cable is slack / tight / coming tight.

.12 Is / are the anchor(s) holding.

.12.1 Yes, the anchor(s) is / are holding.

.12.2 No, the anchor(s) is / are not holding.

.13 Is she brought up?

.13.1 Yes, she is brought up in position … .

.13.2 No, she is not brought up (yet).

.14 Switch on the anchor light(s).

.15 Hoist the anchor ball.

.16 Check the anchor position by bearings / by … .

.16.1 The anchor position is bearing … degrees, distance … kilometres / nautical miles to … .

.16.2 Check the anchor position every … minutes.

.2 Leaving the anchorage

.1 How much cable is out?

.1.1 … shackle(s) is / are out.

.2 Stand by for heaving up.

.3 Put the windlass in gear.

.3.1 The windlass is in gear.

.4 How is the cable leading?

.4.1 The cable is leading

~ ahead / astern.

~ to port / to starboard.

~ round the bow.

~ up and down.

.5 Heave up port / starboard / both cable(s).

.6 How much weight is on the cable?

.6.1 Much / too much weight is on the cable.

.6.2 No weight is on the cable.

.7 Stop heaving.

.8 How many shackles are left (to come in)?

.8.1 ... shackles are left (to come in).

.9 Attention! Turn in cable(s).

.10 The anchor(s) is / are aweigh..

.10.1 The cables are clear.

.11 The anchor(s) is / are clear of the water / home / foul / secured.

AII/3.6 Tug assistance

.1 We will take ... tug(s).

.2 The tug(s) will pull / push.

.3 We use the towing line(s) of your vessel.

.3.1 We use the towing line(s) of the tug(s).

.4 Stand by for making fast the tug(s).

.5 Use the centre lead / panama lead.

.5.1 Use the fairlead

~ on port side / starboard side.

~ amidships.

~ on port bow / starboard bow.

~ on port / starboard quarter.

.6 Send heaving line(s) to the tug(s).

.7 Send two towing lines to the tug(s).

.8 Lower towing line(s)

~ to the tug(s).

~ ... metre(s) from the water.

.9 Slack away towing line(s).

.10 Make fast the tug(s).

.10.1 Make fast the tug(s)

~ forward / aft.

~ on port bow / starboard bow.

~ on port quarter / starboard quarter.

.11 Make fast the forward / aft tug(s) alongside on port side / starboard side.

.12 Make fast ... tug(s) on each bow / quarter.

.13 Put the eyes of the towing line(s) on bitts.

.14 The tug(s) is / are fast (on ... ).

.15 Keep clear of towing line(s).

.16 Stand by for letting go the tug(s).

.17 Let go the tug(s).

.18 Towing line(s) is/are broken.

AII/3.7 Berthing and unberthing

.1 General

.1 Is/are the propeller(s) clear?

.1.1 Yes, the propeller(s) is clear.

.1.2 No, the propeller(s) is not clear.

.1.3 Keep the propeller(s) clear.

.2 Are fenders on the berth?

.2.1 Yes, fenders are on the berth.

.2.2 No, fenders are not on the berth.

.3 Have fenders ready fore and aft.

.2 Berthing

.1 We will berth port side / starboard side alongside.

.2 We will moor

~ to buoy(s) (ahead and astern).

~ alongside.

~ to dolphins.

.3 Send out

~ the head / stern / breast lines.

~ the ... spring(s) forward / aft.

.4 Do you have tension winches?

.4.1 Yes, we have tension winches (forward and aft)

. 4.2 No, we do not have tension winches.

.5 Have the heaving lines ready forward and af

t. 6 Send the heaving / head / stern / breast line(s) ashore.

.7 The linesmen will use shackles / lashings for securing the mooring.

.8 Use

~ the centre lead / panama lead .

~ the bow lead.

~ the port quarter / starboard quarter lead.

.9 Heave on the ... line(s) / ... spring(s)..

.10 Pick up the slack on the ... line(s) / ... spring(s)..

.11 Heave away.

.11.1 Stop heaving.

.12 Slack away / check the ... line(s) / ... spring(s)..

.13 Hold on the ... line(s) / ... spring(s).

.14 Heave in easy.

.14.1 Heave alongside.

.15 Keep the ... line(s) / ... spring(s) tight.

.16 Report the forward / aft distance to ... .

.16.1 The forward / aft distance to ... ... is metres.

.17 We have to move ... metres ahead / astern.

.18 We are in position.

.19 Make fast fore and aft.

.20 Finished with manoeuvring stations.

.3 Unberthing

.1 Stand by engine(s).

.2 Are you ready to get underway?

.2.1 Yes, we are ready (to get underway).

.2.2 No, we are not ready (yet) ( to get underway).

.2.3 We will be ready to get underway in ... minutes.

.3 Stand by for letting go.

.4 Single up the ... lines and ... springs fore and aft.

.5 Slack away / hold on / heave on the

~ head / stern line.

~ breast line.

~ fore / aft spring.

.6 Let go

~ the head / stern line.

~ the breast line.

~ the fore / aft spring

~ all (forward / aft).

.7 Let go the towing line(s).

.8 Stand by bow anchor(s).

.9 Finished with manoeuvring stations.